Latest Research in Children's Mental Health

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The Wisconsin Office of Children’s Mental Health seeks out the latest research in the field to be informed on the status of children's mental health in Wisconsin. This page is updated regularly. 


  • American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Children’s Hospital Association: Declaration of a National Emergency in Child and Adolescent Mental Health. ​Read more.​ 

  • Improving Integration of Behavioral Health into Primary Health Care for Adolescents and Young Adults​. Read more.​ 

  • Children’s Mental Health Emergency Department Visits: 2007–2016. Read the article.

  • Evaluation of a Web-Based Training Model for Family Peer Advocates in Children’s Mental Health. Read the article.

  • Reducing racial/ethnic disparities in mental health service use among emerging adults: community-level supply factors. Read more.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)​

  • Association of Childhood Adversity with Morbidity and Mortality in U.S. Adults: A Systematic Review. Read more.​​​ 

  • Perinatal mental health: a review of progress and challenges. Read more.​ 

  • ​Population vs Individual Prediction of Poor Health From Results of Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening. Read more.

  • Tough childhood damages life prospects. Read more.​

  • Adverse childhood experiences and mental and physical health disparities: the moderating effect of race and implications for social work. Read m​ore.​

  • Mental Health Services in Childhood: The Role of Family Adversity. Read more.​

  • Measuring socioeconomic adversity in early life. Read more.

  • Influence of race/ethnicity and income on the link between adverse childhood experiences and child flourishing. Read more.

  • Positive Childhood Experiences and Adult Mental and Relational Health in a Statewide Sample: Associations Across Adverse Childhood Experiences Levels. Read more.

  • Designing resilience research: Using multiple methods to investigate risk exposure, promotive and protective processes, and contextually relevant outcomes for children and youth. Read more.

  • Experience of emergency department use among persons with a history of adverse childhood experiences. Read more​.​

Education and Child Development

  • Pandemic took a toll on teen MH, US study says. Read more.

  • With students in turmoil, US teachers train in mental health. Read more

  • Initiating Family–School Collaboration in School Mental Health through a Proactive and Positive Strengths and Needs Assessment. ​Read more.

  • The COVID-19 Pandemic Disrupted both School Bullying and Cyberbullying​. Read more.​ 

  • Reluctancy towards Help-Seeking for Mental Health Concerns at Secondary School among Students in the COMPASS Study​. Read more.​ 

  • Predictors of mental health and academic outcomes in first-year university students: Identifying prevention and early-interve​ntion targets​. Read more.

  • Connecting the Brain to the Rest of the Body: Early Childhood Development and Lifelong Health are Deeply Intertwined. Read more.

  • Racial/Ethnic Differences in Mental Health, Su​bstance Use, and Bullying Victimization among Self-Identified Bisexual High School-Aged Youth. Read more.​

  • ​School-based interventions to prevent anxiety and depression in children and young people: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Read more​.​

Impact of COVID-19

  • ​National and State Trends in Anxiety and Depression Severity Scores Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, 2020–2021​. Read more.​ 

  • Why People With Mental Illness Are At A Higher Risk of COVID-19​. Read more. 

  • COVID-19 Associated Orphanhood and Caregiver Death in the United States. Read more.​  

  • Global Prevalence of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Adolescents During COVID-19A Meta-analysis​. Read more.​

  • Emergency Department Visits for Suspected Suicide Attempts Among Persons Aged 12–25 Years Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic  — United States, January 2019 - May 2021​. Read more.​  

  • ​Death from COVID-19 As A Context for Early Childhood Education​. Read more. 

  • For U.S. Latinos, COVID-19 Has Taken A Personal and Financial Toll​. Read more.​ 

  • Mental Health of Children and Adolescents Amidst COVID-19 and Past Pandemics: A Rapid Systematic Review. Read more.

  •  Update: COVID-19 Pandemic–Associated Changes in Emergency Department Visits — United States, December 2020 - January 2021​. Read more.​ 

  • Effects of the Global Coronavirus Disease – 2019 Pandemic on Early Childhood Development: Short- and Long-Term Risks and Mitigating Program and Policy Actions. Read more.

  • Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Early Childhood Care and Education. Read more.

  • The potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child growth and development: a systematic review.  ​Read more. 

  • Police Stress, Mental Health, and Resiliency during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Read more.

  • Multisystem Resilience for Children and Youth in Disaster: Reflections in the Context of COVID-19. ​Read more.​

  • Addressing Racial Health Disparities in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Immediate and Long-Term Policy Solutions. Read more​.

  • The COVID-19 Pandemic: a Call to Action to Identify and Address Racial and Ethnic Disparities. Read more.  

  • Inequity and the Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Communities of Color in the United States: The Need for a Trauma-Informed Social Justice Response​. Read more. ​

  • Suicide risk and prevention during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read more.

  • How mental health care should change as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read more.

Mental Health Conditions

  • Connectedness to family, school, peers, and community in socially vulnerable adolescents. Read the article.

  • ​​Support for Transition from Adolescent to Adult Health Care Among Adolescents With and Without Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders. Read more.​ ​

  • Treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among Children with Special Health Care Needs. Read more.​ 

  • Association of Outdoor Artificial Light at Night with Mental Disorders and Sleep Patterns Among US Adolescents. Read more.

  • Disparities in Behavioral Health Diagnoses: Considering Racial and Ethnic Youth Groups​. Read more. ​

  • Unconscious Bias and the Diagnosis of Disruptive Behavior Disorders and ADHD in African American and Hispanic Youth​. Read more. ​

  • Impact of physical exercise on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. Read more.

  • Shaping healthy habits in children with neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders: parent perceptions of barriers, facilitators and promising ​strategies. Read more.

  • Association of Social Support During Adolescence With Depression, Anxiety, and Suicidal Ideation in Young Adults.​ Read more.​

  • A Meta-Analytic Review of the Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depression in Childhood and Adolescence​. Read more.

National and State-wide Reports

  • Inflation, war push stress to alarming levels at two-year COVID-19 anniversary. Read more

  • Protecting Youth Mental Health: The U.S. Surgeon General's Advisory. Read more.​

  • Loneliness in America: How the Pandemic Has Deepened an Epidemic of Loneliness and What We Can Do About It​​. Read more.​ ​

  • 2021 Statement of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Principles by Coalition of Mental Health Organizations​. Read more. 

  • Bringing More Teens Home (on changing the age of entry into the adult correctional system). Read more.​ ​

  • Hispanic American Mental Health Disparities Report.​ Read more.​

  • Prevalence of Multiple Forms of Violence and Increased Health Risk Behaviors and Conditions Among Youths — United States, 2019. ​Read more. 

  • 2019 Children’s Mental Health Report: Social Media, Gaming and Mental Health. Read more. 

  • Report of the National Advisory Mental Health Council’s Workgroup on Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intervention Development and Deployment. Read more. 

  • 2020 Kids Count Data Book. Read more.​

  • County Health Rankings and Roadmaps. 2020 Report for Wisconsin. Read more. ​

  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) United States – 2019. Read more.​ 

  • Wisconsin’s 2019 YRBS Summary Report​. Read more. 

Racism​ & Social Justice

  • Too Many Locked Doors. The scope of youth confinement is vastly understated. A one-day count cannot accurately reflect the wide and deep footprint of youth incarceration. Read more

  • Police Exposure and the Health and Wellbeing of Black Youth in the U.S. ​Read more. 

  • Equity-Focused, Trauma-Informed Policy Can Mitigate COVID-19’s Risks to Children’s Behavioral Health. ​Read more. 

  • How do economic downturns affect the mental health of children? Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey. Read the article. ​

  • Why social justice matters: a context for suicide prevention efforts.​ Read more. 

  • From “Crib to Coffin”: Navigating coping from racism-related stress throughout the lifespan of black Americans. Read more.

  • The impact of racism on child and adolescent health. Read more.

Social Connectedness

  • Do Positive Emotions Make You More Prosocial? Direct and Indirect Effects of an Intervention Program on Prosociality in Colombian Adolescents During Social Isolation Due to COVID-19. Read more.​  

  • Preventing Toxic Stress: Partnering with Families and Communities to Promote Relational Health (AAP Policy Statement which includes research overview)​. Read more. 

  • Rapid Systematic Review: The Impact of Social Isolation and Loneliness on the Mental Health of Children and Adolescents in the Context of COVID-19. ​Read more.

  • The effects of social deprivation on adolescent development and mental health. Read more.

  • "I'm Kinda Stuck at Home With Unsupportive Parents Right Now": LGBTQ Youths' Experiences With COVID-19 and the Importance of Online Support. Read more.

  • Playing the complex game of social status in school - a qualitative study. Read more.​

Suicide Prevention & Trends

  • Addressing Suicide Among Black Youths – A Call to Action Within and Outside Clinical Practice. Read more.

  • ​​Setting a Ground Zero Research Agenda for Preventing Black Youth Suicide​. Read more.​ 

For more resources on child well-being statistics, review our Data Resources page​. ​